Tuesday , September 28 2021

Definisi Ilmu Tajwid

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Lafadz Tajwid menurut bahasa artinya membaguskan.Sedangkan menurut istilah adalah :

“Mengeluarkan setiap huruf dari tempat keluarnya masing-masing sesuai dengan hak dan mustahaqnya.”

Haq huruf yaitu sifat asli yang senantiasa ada pada setiap huruf atau seperti sifat Al-jahr, Isti’la, dan lain sebagainya. Hak huruf meliputi sifat-sifat huruf dan tempat-tempat keluar huruf.
Mustahaq huruf yaitu sifat yang sewaktu-waktu timbul oleh sebab-sebab tertentu ,seperti; izh-har, ikhfa, iqlab, idgham, qalqalah, ghunnah, tafkhim, tarqiq, mad, waqaf, dan lain-lain.
Hukum mempelajari Ilmu Tajwid sebagai disiplin ilmu adalah fardu kifayah. Adapun hukum membaca AlQuran dengan memakai aturan-aturan tajwid adalah fardu ‘ain . Firman Allah SWT:

وَرَتِّلِ الْقُرْ ا نَ تَرْتِيْلًا..

“Dan bacalah AlQuran dengan tartil.” (Q.S. Al-Muzzammil 73: 4).
Rasulullah SAW juga bersabda :

“Bacalah AlQuran dengan cara dan suara orang Arab yang fasih”. (HR. Thabrani)
Syekh Ibnul Jazari (Ulama pakar ilmu tajwid dan qiro’at) dalam syairnya mengatakan:

“Membaca AlQuran dengan tajwid hukumnya wajib, Siapa saja yang membaca AlQuran tanpa memakai tajwid hukumnya dosa, Karena sesungguhnya Allah menurunkan AlQuran berikut tajwidnya. Demikianlah yang sampai pada kita dari-Nya.”

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